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Testing EEC-IV Equipped Engines

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The EEC-IV equipped engines use an older diagnostic system to monitor and report engine related malfunctions.  This system is known as On Board Diagnostics (OBD-I).  The Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC's) are two or three digit numbers and can be read through the use of a scan tool, an analog voltmeter, or with the Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) [Check Engine or Service Engine Soon light].  Use one of the following methods to obtain the DTC's and then refer to the 2-digit or 3-digit charts.

 
Scan Tool Method


(1)  Connect the scan tool to the self-test connectors.  Make certain the test button is unlatched or up.

(2)  Start the engine and run it until normal operating temperature is reached.

(3)  Turn the engine OFF and wait 10 seconds.

(4)  Activate the test button on the STAR tester.

(5)  Turn the ignition switch ON but don't start the engine.

(6)  The codes will be transmitted.  Six to nine seconds after the last code, a single separator pulse will be transmitted.  Six to nine seconds after this pulse, the codes from the Continuous Memory will be transmitted.

(7)  Record all service codes displayed.  Do not depress the throttle during the test.

(8)  After the test, compare the DTC's retrieved from those in the 2-digit or 3-digit charts.

 

Analog Voltmeter Method

Set the voltmeter to read DC 0-15 volts.  Connect the positive lead of the meter to the battery positive terminal and connect the negative lead to the Self-Test Output (STO) pin of the diagnostic connector.  Follow the directions given previously in the scan tool procedure.  To activate the procedure, use a jumper wire to connect the signal return pin on the diagnostic connector to the self test input connector.  The self test input line is the seperate wire and connector wih or near the diagnostic connector.  The codes will be transmitted as groups of needle sweeps.  This method may be used to read either 2 or 3 digit codes.  The Continuous Memory codes are seperated by the other codes by 6-seconds, a single sweep, and then another 6-second delay.  Compare the 2-digit or 3-digit Diagnostic Trouble Codes with the appropriate chart.


Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Method

The Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) on the dash (Engine Light) can be used to retrieve the stored codes.  This method does not allow for any system investigation.  This should only be used in the field where quick checks are needed.  Follow the directions previously given for the scan tool procedure.  To activate the tests, use a jumper wire to connect the signal return pin on the diagnostic connector to the Self-Test Input (STO) connector.  The self test input line is the separate wire and connector with or near the diagnostic connector.  Codes are transmitted with a pause between flashes.  Code 32 would be sent as 3-flashes, a pause and then 2-flashes.  A slightly longer pause separates the codes. The only way to repeat the code is to recycle the system.  The Continuous Memory Codes are separated from the other codes by 6-seconds, a flash and then another 6-second delay.  Compare the 2-digit and 3-digit Diagnostic Codes with the appropriate chart.

 
Memory Codes

Memory codes are problems that the computer has noticed in the past. If for example there was a loose wire to a solenoid that only lost contact while driving but was making contact while testing the system there would be NO HARD FAULT CODE. The code would show up IN MEMORY. The same would happen for a sensor that only went out of range occasionally. Memory codes come out AFTER the separator pulse.

NOTE: The computer will erase the memory after a certain number of engine re-starts if the problem does not repeat itself. The number of re-starts varies from 20 to 80 depending on the year of the vehicle. The later models keep memory longer.

 

Key On Engine Running (KOER) Test
 

1.   Make sure engine is fully warmed. If in doubt, run engine at 2000 rpm for 2 minutes.

2.   Turn ignition off and wait 10 seconds for system to shut off. Make sure A/C is off and transmission is in Park (automatic) or Neutral (manual).

3.   Hook up light and jumper (or tester if you have one).

4.   Make sure vehicle is safe to run and start engine.

5.   Engine I.D. should be output.

6.   Step on brake and turn steering wheel 1/4 turn. If the vehicle has an overdrive cancel switch, push it.

7.   If a "Goose" pulse is received, move throttle quickly 1/2 way down and release.

8.   Fast Codes are output (ignore).

9.   Read codes.

10. See code explanations and check components as necessary.  Use FIRST CODE OUTPUT and retest after any repairs are made.

 
Key On Engine Off (KOEO) Test
 

NOTE: On 4.9L trucks with a manual transmission hold the clutch pedal in during this test.

On Diesel engine trucks hold the throttle to the floor during this test.

1. Make sure engine is fully warmed. If in doubt, run engine at 2000 rpm for 2 minutes.

2. Turn ignition off and wait 10 seconds for system to shut off. Make sure A/C is off and transmission is in Park (automatic) or Neutral (manual).

3. Hook up light and jumper (or a tester if you have one). Turn key to ON (do not start engine).

4. Fast Codes are output (ignore fast light flashes).

NOTE: Unhook self test input jumper (or tester if used) at any time during code output to erase memory.

5. Read hard faults.

6. Separator Pulse.

7. Read memory codes.

8. See code explanations and check components as necessary.

Use FIRST CODE OUTPUT and retest after any repairs are made.


Test Hook-Ups
 
 
 
Clearing Codes

These codes are kept in memory for 40 warm up cycles.  To clear the codes for purposes of  testing or confirming repair, perform the code reading procedure.  When the fault codes begin to be displayed, de-activate the test by either disconnecting the jumper wire or releasing the test button on the hand scanner.  Stopping the test during code transmission will erase the continuous memory.  Do not disconnect the negative battery cable to clear the codes; the keep alive memory will be cleared and a new code (19) will be stored for loss of PCM power.

 

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