
Definitions: Spring
Rate is half the
difference between the loads 1 inch above and 1 inch below a specified
position. Another definition would be: The amount of force it takes to
compress the spring 1inch and is expressed in ld/in. The
lower the rate, the softer the spring. Spring Load is the amount of weight the spring is designed to carry at a certain height. This is also called the Design Load or Load Rate. Think weight carrying capacity. Load Rate is not to be confused with Spring Rate. Load Rate is the amount of weight a spring is designed to carry at a certain height. Let's say a spring has:
Unsprung Weight is the weight of the tires, wheels, knuckles, hubs, axles, and half the weight of the springs, shocks, control arms, and/or links. Sprung Weight is the weight of the body, chassis, drivetrain, tools, parts and the other half of the total weight of the springs, shocks, control arms and/or links. Wheel Rate is the spring rate actually measured at the wheel (or tire). The wheel rate is usually lower than the true spring rate due to factors such as spring position and control arm or axle leverage that can effectively lessen the spring rate at the wheel versus the actual spring rate at the spring. If you move the spring closer to the tire (and the spring travels parallel to the wheel), the wheel rate and spring rate will become almost the same. Variable Rate Springs have a soft initial spring rate and to absorb the subtle irregularities of the road/trail progressing to a firmer rate to handle large bumps. These springs increase in rate as they are compressed. Effect On Rate: In the formula below you will see Wire Diameter, Coil Diameter and Number Of Coils. Here is how they effect rate:


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