1983-1987 Ford Ranger 2.2 & 2.3 Diesels

(Turbo Diesel Shown)

The Ranger was introduced in mid-1982 for the 1983 model year and had an available 4-cylinder 59 hp 2.2 L Mazda/Perkins diesel. In 1985, a Mitsubishi-built 2.3 L turbodiesel with 86 hp replaced the Mazda diesel engine. The diesels were no longer an option after 1987. These Rangers are rare now, but a few seem to be showing up now on ebay and other classifieds (2008) likely due to the high gas prices and need for better fuel economy.

Engine Identification
(8th digit in the Vehicle Identification Number)
Vin Code Engine Size Cylinders Manufacturer
P 2.2 4 Toyo Kogo
E 2.3 4 Mitsubishi

 

General Engine Specifications
Year Engine Net Horsepower (@ rpm) Net Torque (@ rpm) Bore X Stroke (in.) Compression Ratio Oil Pressure (@ 2000 rpm)
1983 2.2 59 @ 4000 90 @ 2500 3.50 x 3.50 22:1 51(3)
1984 2.2 59 @ 4000 90 @ 2500 3.50 x 3.50 22:1 51(3)
1985 2.3 86 @ 4200 134 @ 2000 3.59 x 3.54 21:1 11.4(4)
1986 2.3 86 @ 4200 134 @ 2000 3.59 x 3.54 21:1 11.4(4)
1987 2.3 86 @ 4200 134 @ 2000 3.59 x 3.54 21:1 11.4(4)

Notes:

(3) @ 3600 rpm

(4) @ idle

Tune-Up Specifications
Year Engine (warm) Valve Clearance Intake (in.) (warm) Valve Clearance Exhaust (in.) Timing ATDC Injection Nozzle Pressure (psi) Idle Speed (rpm) Cranking Compression Pressure (psi)
1983 2.2 0.012 0.012 2 1957 700 427(2)
1984 2.2 0.012 0.012 2 1957 700 427(2)
1985 2.2 0.010 0.010 (1) 1707 (1) 384(3)
1986 2.2 0.010 0.010 (1) 1707 (1) 384(3)
1987 2.2 0.010 0.010 (1) 1707 (1) 384(3)

Notes:

(1) See Underhood Sticker

(2) At 200 rpm

(3) at 250 rpm

 

Capacities

Year Engine Manual Transmission (pts) Auto Transmission (qts) Transfer Case (pts) Front Axle (pts) Rear Axle (pts) Fuel (gal) Cooling WO/AC (qts) Cooling W/AC (qts)
1983 2.2 3(1) 8(2) 2 2 5 15 10 10.7
1984 2.2 3(1) 8(2) 2 2 5 15 10 10.7
1985 2.3 3(1) 8(2) 2 2 5 15 13 13
1986 2.3 3(1) 8(2) 2 2 5 15 13 13
1987 2.3 3(1) 8(2) 2 2 5 15 13 13

Notes:

(1) 5-Speed Overdrive Transmission: 3.6 pints

(2) C-5 Transmission (2wd): 7.5 quarts

  

Photos of a 1986 turbo-diesel 4-cylinder engine in a 1986 Ford Ranger