NEVER WORK ON THE FUEL SYSTEM WITHOUT FIRST RELIEVING THE PRESSURE!!!!!
ALWAYS WEAR GOGGLES, A LIFETIME OF EYESIGHT IS NOT WORTH THE 30 SECONDS IT
TAKES TO FIND YOUR GOGGLES. KEEP SOME EYEWASH HANDY, GOGGLES AREN'T
FOOLPROOF. I HOPE IT GOES WITHOUT SAYING THAT YOU SHOULD NEVER SMOKE OR
HAVE ANY OPEN FLAME NEAR GASOLINE.
Wrote this short article because I had a terrible time changing the fuel
filter on my '98 4-Banger, at least at first. Turns out it can be pretty
easy, no thanks to Haynes and my local parts store. I tend to do a lot of
preventative maintenance, in the hope that my baby will eventually go from
being a highly reliable rig to an extremely reliable rig.
A Word on the Importance of Having the Right Tool for this Job:
So I go to my Haynes, and look up the fuel filter. The instructions refer
to a Quick Disconnect fitting, and suggested my local store oughta have an
inexpensive tool to... ...quickly disconnect it! Now, I bet you can
guess... Haynes didn't bother to include a picture of the tool or the
process, and the directions were contained in 6 six separate chapters. I
Go down to the auto parts store and ask for the tool. First I get some
dumb looks, then somebody shows me a set of rinky-dink plastic rings made
by OEM. You got several sizes, and the package said they were for Quick
Disconnect fuel lines. They wanted 12 bucks for this crap! Now some of you
live in places like CA, NY, and NJ, and twelve bucks is what you pay for
your coffee and sandwich in the morning. Up here in Maine, I pay 2.89 for
a large Italian (that's a sub to you folks from Away), and 12 bucks is
heck of a lot of money for a piece of plastic crap that doesn't
Line Disconnects - Plastic (avoid these)
my tongue and bought it. Went home, read the directions again. Relieved
the pressure in the fuel system, piece of cake! Crawled under my truck,
found the fuel filter, and stuck the plastic things in. Tried every size I
could, slipped it in the fitting, felt it bending and squirming in there,
and something told me that tool wouldn't work. Asked a gearhead friend,
and he'd never heard of them, and said just use vice grips. Some people
are idiots. That might work, but I'm not really into the idea of going
down the road with fuel lines that could fail. Some other people said
spray some PB Blaster on it for a few days (is there anything people don't
suggest that for?), and I did. No dice. Gave up for several weeks,
figuring I'd get it eventually. Finally I'm at a different parts store and
I spot a tool from Ampro for Ford Quick Disconnects, made of METAL, and it
was only 7 dollars. Something told me it was gonna work a lot better, and
let me tell you, it DID!!! Forget PB Blaster, DEFINITELY forget the vice
grips, it is all about the right tool for the right job.
Fuel Line Disconnect Tool (amprotools.net)
that you have the right tool, here's the quick instructions:
Relieve the Fuel Pressure:
Find your Fuel Inertia Switch down by the panel your passengers might put
their feet against, just under the glove box. Mine wasn't really labeled
at all, but you can recognize it from the little recessed button on top of
the assembly. It's about 1 inch square, and has some wires connected to
the bottom. Use a small flathead screwdriver to disconnect the wire
connector. Now you just put your key in the ignition, and crank the engine
for 20-30 seconds. You know you've got the switch because it will not
start. Now you are ready to take out the old filter.
Remove the Filter:
PUT ON YOUR SAFETY GOGGLES!!! I got a good splash of gas on my goggles,
which means it would've been in my eyes if I hadn't been wearing them.
I'll say it again, there is no reason at all to risk your eyesight. How
are you gonna drive that Ranger without seeing?
Note the direction your existing filter is facing so that you can install
the new one in the same way!!
Raise up the front of the truck to prevent fuel siphoning.
The filter is under the driver's frame rail, on the inside, about where
your seat is. There are some springy things on the Quick Disconnect
fittings you have to take off. Just squeeze them and sort of twist them to
release the tab and slot that holds them together. The book called them
retainer clips or something. I removed my filter from the big spring clips
that held it to the frame first. Take your METAL Quick Disconnect tool,
put the two halves of the tool around the fuel filter tube, and slide them
into the fuel fitting. If there isn't enough room to slide the tool in,
put one half in first, then the other. Slide them in as far as they can
possibly go. There might be a click. You can hit the tool lightly with a
hammer if it's sticking. GENTLY hold the fuel line with a pliers, and pull
the filter out while pressing the disconnect tool into the fitting. This
seems to be the easiest way.
You might lose a half-cup of gas when that filter is unhooked. You can cap
it with the caps from the new filter.
Install the New Filter:
This is really, really, really easy. Not a bad idea to take a clean cloth
rag and make sure those Quick Disconnects are clean inside. There might be
a touch of rust if you live in the Salt Belt, but I wouldn't sweat that.
Make sure your new filter is facing the right way. My FRAM was marked with
an arrow, but I don't think the old NAPA was. Just slide the filter tubes
into the Quick Disconnect fittings, give 'em a tug to be sure they're in
there firmly, replace the spring retainer doohickies, and snap the new
filter back into the clip on the frame!
Test out the New Filter:
If you're like me, you'll put the key in the ignition, put it into the
accessory position for a minute, crank it up, and wonder why the heck your
truck isn't starting, then remember you unhooked the Fuel Inertia Switch!
You'll have to plug that switch back in. The Haynes says you might need to
push that little button on top, but I didn't have to. Put the key in
Accessory, and wait a minute. Turn the key, and you're in business!!! I
figure my old filter was slightly clogged, because it does run a bit
smoother now, especially at idle. At the very least I can check off one
dot on my maintenance list now.
for a complete list of images for disengaging fuel lines